December 22, 2014

Phrases: Gerund

The gerund phrase includes the gerund and the object of the gerund or any modifiers related to the gerund.

[In the following examples, the gerund is bold and the gerund phrase is underlined.]

  • Flying above the lake at this time of night seems a little dangerous.

FLYING is the subject of the sentence. A subject is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used as a noun is a gerund. FLYING is a gerund.

  • Bill decided that scrambling over the pile of debris was not safe.

SCRAMBLING is the subject of the dependent clause. A subject is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used as a noun is a gerund. SCRAMBLING is a gerund.

  • Ethan avoided doing his homework because the Ducks were playing the Cougars.

DOING is the direct object of the verb AVOIDED. An object is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used as a noun is a gerund. DOING is a gerund. HOMEWORK is the object of the gerund.

  • The student gathered signatures for increasing the hours of the library.

INCREASING is the object of the preposition FOR. An object is a noun. A form of the verb ending in ING and used as a noun is a gerund. INCREASING is a gerund. HOURS is the object of the gerund.

  • Philip Morris continues its fight to prevent government from regulating tobacco; nevertheless, the government is placing restrictions on marketing cigarettes to youth.

Both REGULATING and MARKETING are objects of prepositions (FROM and ON).

  • The young man opposes marketing smoking cigarettes as if it were glamorous.

MARKETING is the direct object of the verb OPPOSES. SMOKING is a gerund and the object of the gerund MARKETING. CIGARETTES is the object of the gerund SMOKING.

  • Andrew continues his crusade to prevent the university from limiting free speech.

LIMITING is the object of the preposition FROM. SPEECH is the object of the GERUND.

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Comments

  1. give us more explanation

  2. Could you let me know what specifically confuses you?

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